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Psychology is defined as:Select one:a. the scientific investigation of thought processesb. the study of mental illness and inner feelingsc. the scientific study of behavior and mindd. the understanding of abnormal behavior
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The most plentiful neurons are the:Select one:a. interneuronsb. motor neuronsc. sensory neuronsd. glial neurons
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Development:Select one:a. occurs only in childhoodb. is complete by the end of young adulthoodc. is complete by the end of adolescenced. occurs throughout life
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Nature has:Select one:a. prevented nurtureb. halted new adaptationsc. built considerable flexibility into developmentd. created a rigid pattern of development
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The age-related physical, intellectual, social, and personal changes that occur throughout life are specifically called:Select one:a. functionalityb. maturationc. adaptationsd. development
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Which of the following is the last of the three stages of prenatal development?Select one:a. the fetal periodb. the germinal periodc. the embryonic periodd. the zygotic period
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The three stages of prenatal development, in order, are:Select one:a. embryonic, fetal, germinalb. fetal, germinal, embryonicc. germinal, embryonic, fetald. germinal, fetal, embryonic
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Sensations are:Select one:a. the physical properties of stimuli in the environmentb. the processes used to translate external messages into neural impulsesc. the collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful interpretation of an experienced. the elementary features or building blocks of experience
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Perception refers to:Select one:a. the physical properties of stimuli in the environmentb. the process of translating external messages into neural impulsesc. the collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful interpretation of an experienced. the elementary features or building blocks of experience
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Transduction refers to:Select one:a. the elementary features or building blocks of experienceb. the physical properties of stimuli in the environmentc. the collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful interpretation of an experienced. the process of translating environmental energy into neural impulses
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The transparent and protective outer covering of the eye is the:Select one:a. irisb. retinac. cornead. lens
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The word psychology comes from the Greek psyche, which translates as:Select one:a. soulb. mindc. behaviord. human
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Consciousness refers to:Select one:a. the effortless background processing of environmental stimulib. the internal processes that people use to set priorities for mental functioningc. the subjective awareness of internal and external eventsd. schematic reorganization of mental structures
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The subjective awareness of internal and external events is referred to as:Select one:a. filteringb. automaticityc. divided attentiond. consciousness
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Attention refers to:Select one:a. the effortless background processing of environmental stimulib. the subjective awareness of internal and external eventsc. schematic reorganization of mental structuresd. the internal processes that people use to set priorities for mental functioning
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Processes that are fast, effortless, and do not require focused attention are described as:Select one:a. automaticb. occipitalc. fovead. neglectful
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Which of the following is least likely an automatic process?Select one:a. walkingb. drivingc. talkingd. reading
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Compared to holding a conversation while driving, using a cell phone while driving:Select one:a. is more disruptiveb. actually improves one’s drivingc. is less disruptived. is no different in its effect
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A person with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is likely to display which of the following?Select one:a. difficulty focusing attentionb. excessive sleepiness during the dayc. all of these choicesd. hostility when asked to follow the rules
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Ernest has trouble completing any projects that he starts because he is easily distracted. Based on this description, it would appear that Ernest may have:Select one:a. hypermnesiab. attention deficit/hyperactivity disorderc. divided consciousnessd. visual ataxia
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Which of the following has been used to treat ADHD?Select one:a. depressantsb. stimulantsc. hallucinogensd. all of these choices
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Sleep research is performed by monitoring electrical activity in the brain using a device called a(n):Select one:a. MRIb. CATc. EEGd. PET
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Pavlov was:Select one:a. not famed in psychologyb. not a trained psychologistc. a famous Greek philosopherd. a trained psychologist
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REM stands for:Select one:a. Rough Electrical Mapb. Round Eye Movementc. Rise Early Mored. Rapid Eye Movement
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A clinical psychologist:Select one:a. extends the principles of psychology to practical, everyday problems in the real worldb. conducts experiments in an attempt to discover the basic principles of behavior and mindc. is a medical doctor specializing in psychological problemsd. diagnoses and treats psychological problems
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A psychiatrist is:Select one:a. someone with a medical degree specializing in psychological problemsb. someone who uses experiments to discover basic principles of behavior and mindc. someone who extends psychological principles to practical, everyday problemsd. someone who can train psychologists but not practice independently
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The main components of the nervous system are:Select one:a. axonsb. synapsesc. neuronsd. dendrites
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Sensory neurons are neurons which:Select one:a. carry messages to muscles and glands that produce behavioral responsesb. remove waste products and speed neural transmissionc. make the initial contact with the environmentd. have no direct contact with the world
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Psychologists use the term Answer to refer to actions, such as moving about, talking, and gesturing.
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Psychologists use the term Answer to refer to the contents and processes of subjective experience, such as sensations, thoughts, and emotions.

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