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BIOLOGY 130: Reading/Study Guide UNIT 2: CLASSIFICATION/ CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION “One of the greatest commandments of science is, “Mistrust arguments from authority.” (Scientists, being primates, and thus given to dominance hierarchies, of course do not always follow this commandment.) Too many such arguments have proved too painfully wrong. Authorities must prove their contentions like everyone else” Carl Sagan, Demon Haunted World, 1995 Read pp. 55-75 in Concepts of Biology and as you read, work on explaining the following terms and questions. Some of the questions will come from your class notes. TermDefinitionCell Eukaryote Prokaryote organelle Answer the Following Questions: 1) List one of the 3 domains of life at the top of each column and then describe two characteristics that will uniquely define each domain. Domain NameDomain ___________Domain ______________Domain ______________Characteristic 1Characteristic 22) Describe the three main shapes of prokaryotic cells. (class notes)KMN 2/3/2020 3) Draw and describe the structure of a typical bacterial cell. Label the major structural components and describe their functions. (class notes) 4) What are the major characteristics that differentiate between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. (text pp. 14-15, class notes) ProkaryoticEukaryotic5) Why do we not find single cells that are so large that we can see them without a microscope?
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BIOLOGY 130: Reading/Study Guide
UNIT 2: CLASSIFICATION/ CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION
“One of the greatest commandments of science is, “Mistrust arguments from authority.” (Scientists, being primates, and thus given to dominance
hierarchies, of course do not always follow this commandment.) Too many such arguments have proved too painfully wrong. Authorities must prove
their contentions like everyone else”
Carl Sagan,
Demon Haunted World, 1995
Read pp. 55-75 in Concepts of Biology and as you read, work on explaining the following terms and questions. Some of the
questions will come from your class notes.
Term
Definition
Cell
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
organelle
Answer the Following Questions:
1) List one of the 3 domains of life at the top of each column and then describe two characteristics that will uniquely
define each domain.
Domain Name
Characteristic 1
Domain ___________
Domain ______________
Domain ______________
Characteristic 2
2) Describe the three main shapes of prokaryotic cells. (class notes)
KMN 2/3/2020
3) Draw and describe the structure of a typical bacterial cell. Label the major structural components and describe their
functions. (class notes)
4) What are the major characteristics that differentiate between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. (text pp. 14-15, class
notes)
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
5) Why do we not find single cells that are so large that we can see them without a microscope?
KMN 2/3/2020
6) What is a virus? Describe the basic structural components of a virus. What types of cells may viruses infect?
KMN 2/3/2020

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